See the report here.

The European Commission has finally admitted the obvious – overlogging is degrading the EU’s forest carbon sink, and Member States are unlikely to achieve their 2030 land sink targets. Since more than half the wood logged out of the EU’s forests is burned for energy, it’s clear that the fastest way to reduce logging and allow the sink to recover would be to stop promoting burning wood as “renewable energy” and to stop spending billions on subsidies for bioenergy.

First, though, Member States would need to admit they have a problem, and there’s little sign of that happening so far. A new report by PFPI assesses how well the Member States have met reporting requirements on bioenergy and the land sink in their National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), and includes the latest data on biomass use, the forest and land carbon sink, and modeling projections.  The report found that most Member States have failed to provide basic information in their draft NECPs on bioenergy and its impact on the forest and land carbon sink, earning them failing grades.

The final NECPs are due in June 2024, and will need to show drastic improvement to meet reporting requirements. What will the European Commission do if, and as seems likely, when, the 2024 NECPs fall short?

Member States are required to produce National Energy and Climate Plans as a result of EU legislation (EU) 2018/1999, part of the Clean Energy For All Europeans Package adopted in 2019. The NECPs must cover five dimensions: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy market, and research, innovation, & competitiveness. The first NECPs were due at the end of 2019, and progress reports are required every two years after. The last draft NECPs were due in June 2023, and that’s where this analysis will focus.

The NECP progress reports from Member States are spreadsheets of data that enhance and support their NECP submissions. They are due every two years. Some progress reports are available online, but some countries don’t make their data publicly available, most notably Germany. This lack of transparency is a problem for good governance.  

The EU has set a goal of a land carbon sink of -310 million tonnes of carbon dioxide absorbed yearly by 2030. Member States that are unable to reach their climate targets may be subject to substantial fines from the European Union. Each Member State has to contribute to the larger carbon target with a goal they’ve set individually. Read the report to see how individual Member States are meeting or failing to meet their climate goals.

Member States are in denial about biomass impacts on climate
Tagged on: